Before getting into the specifics of CBG, it’s important to understand cannabinoids generally. Cannabinoids, often called phytocannabinoids, are compounds found in the cannabis plant. The most notable cannabinoid is tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis. And the second most notable cannabinoid is CBD, the primary compound found in hemp. There are at least 144 different cannabinoids in cannabis, and each has its own potential effects on the body.1
These cannabinoids, including THC, CBD, and CBG, interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system, or ECS. The ECS is a system that exists in all mammals. The ECS is involved in regulating a variety of functions including sleep, appetite, and immune system response. Cannabinoids bind to receptors in the ECS and trigger reactions from the body’s various systems, according to the latest research.
Cannabinoids develop from resin secreted by hemp flowers and start their lives as cannabigerol acid, or CBGa. That’s the first cannabinoid that the flowers produce. Then, the CBGa turns into three proto-cannabinoid acids— tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCa), cannabidiolic acid (CBDa), and cannabichromenic acid (CBCa). These three compounds are the precursors to the cannabinoids we are most familiar with — THC, CBD, CBG, and CBC, among others. This transformation is called a “cascade reaction.”2
In order for a cannabinoid to interact with the human body’s ECS, current research suggests that the acid component, or the “a’ in many of these abbreviations, must first be removed in a chemical process known as “decarboxylation.” Most instances of decarboxylation involve the application of heat. For example, when marijuana users light a joint, they are decarboxylating the cannabis. Sounds fancy, huh? Decarboxylation can also occur over time as the plant ages. If you’ve ever lost your stash and discovered it months later, you already know that.
The hemp plants grown for Cornbread Hemp are from a proprietary strain that is bred to have a high profile of minor cannabinoids. You can find these listed on our third-party lab report results right on our website. We perform those tests on every single batch of CBD products that we make, so you’ll know exactly what you’re getting in the products that you buy from us.